Hou Ji (后稷) is not only renowned for introducing the cultivation of millet and other new farming techniques that led to the explosive growth of agricultural production during the Xia dynasty. He is also celebrated as the ancestral founder of the illustrious Ji clan that went on to establish the Zhou dynasty in 1045 BCE.
Hou Ji was originally known by the name of Qi (棄), meaning “the abandoned one” thanks to a popular legend concerning his birth. The name of Hou Ji was posthumously bestowed upon him by Tang (湯), the founder of the Shang dynasty. It literally means Lord Millet. Continue reading Historical figures in the Analects of Confucius: Hou Ji
Huan Tui (桓魋) was a powerful minister in charge of military affairs in the small state of Song. He felt so threatened by Confucius that he engineered an attempt to assassinate the sage when he visited the state in 492 BCE during his exile from Lu in order to prevent him from meeting with the titular ruler Duke Jing. Continue reading Contemporary figures in the Analects of Confucius: Huan Tui
Yan Pingzhong (晏平仲) was the courtesy name of Yan Zhong (晏仲), a chief minister of the state of Qi (齊) who was famous for his ability to forge close relationships with people of all social stations during the course of a career that spanned over four decades and the reigns of three dukes. Continue reading Contemporary figures in the Analects of Confucius: Yan Pingzhong