Meng Gongchuo (孟公綽) was a head of the Meng Family, one of the notorious Three Families that had usurped control of the state of Lu from its nominal ruler. Although Gongchuo was by many accounts a widely respected minister with a strong sense of virtue, Confucius expresses doubts in 14.11 about his ability to handle the complexity of ruling small but turbulent states like Teng or Xue. Instead, he suggests that Gongchuo is better suited to the more stable and less demanding task of managing a large noble household such as the Zhao and Wei in the state of Jin.
Confucius said: “Meng Gongchuo is more than qualified to serve as the steward for the Zhao and Wei families, but he is not qualified to serve as a minister in the states of Teng and Xue.”
Zilu asked how to define a “complete person”. Confucius said: “Take someone as wise as Zang Wuzhong, as free from desire as Gongchuo, as brave as Zhuangzi of Bian, and as cultured as Ran Qiu, as well as being accomplished in ritual and music, and they may be considered a complete person.” Then he added: “But must a complete person be exactly like this today? Someone who thinks of what is right at the sight of profit, who is ready to risk their life when faced with danger, and who can endure hardship without forgetting the teachings that have guided their daily life may also be considered a complete person.”