Like the Cemetery of Confucius’s Parents, the Zhusi Academy probably isn’t on the must-see list for Qufu, but it’s worth checking out if you have the time.
The Zhusi Academy marks the place where Confucius is said to have taught and edited ancient canonical texts, including the so-called Five Classics (1) and the Book of Music, after returning to his home state of Lu in 484 BCE after spending fourteen years in exile. It provides an elegant and graceful symbol of the importance attached to learning in Chinese culture.
The original academy is said to have operated at least until the Han dynasty. The structure was completely rebuilt in 1337 and expanded to its current size in 1715 during the reign of the Qing dynasty emperor Kangxi. Restoration work was carried out following the Cultural Revolution.
Its highlights include the Lecture Hall, which is located on the spot where Confucius gave his lessons, and the Hall of Great Accomplishments, where ceremonies honoring the sage used to be held. Both structures were first built in 1337 during the Yuan dynasty.
The Five Classics consist of the Book of Songs (詩經/shījīng), the Book of Documents (尚書/shàngshū), the Book of Rites (禮記/lǐjì), the Book of Changes (易經/yìjīng), and the Spring and Autumn Annals (春秋/chūnqiū).