Tradition has it that Zuo Qiuming (左丘明) was a contemporary of Confucius and the court historian for the state of Lu, who reputedly went on to write the Commentary of Zuo (左傳/zuǒzhuán) – one of the earliest Chinese narrative histories and reportedly a gem of Chinese classical prose.
Some commentators, however, dispute that claim and say that he was simply a well-known figure who lived before the sage. To further add to the uncertainty surrounding his true identity, it is not clear whether his surname is Zuo or Zuoqiu. As a result, his name may be written as Zuo Qiuming or Zuoqiu Ming.
Appearances in the Analects of Confucius
Book 5, Chapter 25
Confucius said: “Smooth talk, pretentiousness, and obsequiousness: Zuoqiu Ming detested such behavior, and I detest it too. Acting friendly towards a person you secretly resent: Zuoqiu Ming detested such behavior, and I detest it too.”