Kong Wenzi (孔文子) was the posthumous name given to Kong Yu (孔圉) a minister of the state of Wei (魏)) who died in about 480 BC. It literally means Kong-the-Cultured, which was rather ironic given that Kong was said to have been rather an unsavory character notorious for his disloyalty and dissoluteness. No wonder Zigong was so befuddled by the news that the old rogue had been given such an honor – even if Confucius chose to remind him that Kong also had his good points.
Appearances in the Analects of Confucius
Book 5, Chapter XV
Zigong asked: “Why was ‘Kong-the-Cultured’ called ‘cultured’?” Confucius said: “He had an active mind, was fond of learning, and was not ashamed to listen and learn from his inferiors: that is why he was given the name.”