Sage advice


Ji Wenzi always thought three times before taking action. When he heard this, Confucius said: “Twice is quite sufficient.”

While it’s important to reflect before making a decision, there’s no need to procrastinate.

Ji Wenzi was the posthumous title given to Jisun Xingfu (季孫行父) a former minister in the state of Lu who died in 568 BC, who was also member of the notorious Three Families that ran the state in reality if not in name.

It would be outrageous to suspect any personal animus in Confucius’s criticism, even if he spent much of his life battling with the Ji clan. Confucius was merely pointing out that exercising excessive caution can be just as dangerous as making rash decisions….

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