Very little is known about Shen Cheng (申棖). He is said to have come from Confucius’s home state of Lu and may possibly have been the disciple called Shen Dang in the Records of the Grand Historian by Sima Qian.
Appearances in the Analects of Confucius
Book 5, Chapter XI
Confucius said: “I’ve never seen a man who is truly resolute.” Someone replied: “How about Shen Cheng?” Confucius said: “Shen Cheng is a slave to his desires. How can he be called resolute?”