Analects of Confucius, Book 4

Chapter I
Confucius said: “It is beautiful to live in a neighborhood that is filled with goodness. How can someone be wise if they choose to live in a place that lacks goodness?”

Chapter II
Confucius said: “A man who lacks goodness cannot endure adversity or enjoy happiness for long. A man who possesses goodness finds contentment in it, whereas a clever man only pursues goodness because he believes he will profit from it.”

Chapter III
Confucius said: “Only a truly good man can love people and detest people.”

Chapter IV
Confucius said: “Dedicating yourself to the pursuit of goodness allows no scope for evil.”

Chapter V
Confucius said: “Wealth and status are what all men desire; but if they can only obtain them through improper ways, they should not pursue them. Poverty and obscurity are what all men detest; but if they can only escape from them through improper ways, they should accept them. If a leader abandons goodness, how can he live up to that name? A leader never abandons goodness, even for as long as it takes to eat a single meal; in moments of haste and confusion he still stays true to it.”

Chapter VI
Confucius said: “I have never seen a man who truly loves goodness and truly detests evil. A man who truly loves goodness would place nothing above it; a man who truly detests evil would practice goodness in such a way that he would allow no evil to enter him. Is there anyone with the ability to devote all his strength to goodness for a single day? I have never seen anyone whose strength is not sufficient. There may be men who do not have even the small amount of strength it takes, but I have never seen them.”

Chapter VII
Confucius said: “Men define themselves by their faults. By observing their faults, you will understand the true extent of their goodness.”

Chapter VIII
Confucius said: “Know the Way in the morning; die without regret in the evening.”

Chapter IX
Confucius said: “A scholar-official who sets his heart on the Way but is ashamed of his threadbare clothes and coarse food is not worth listening to.”

Chapter X
Confucius said: “In dealing with the world, a leader has no prejudice or bias: he takes the side of what is right.”

Chapter XI
Confucius said: “A leader cherishes virtue; a small-minded man cherishes land. A leader cherishes respect for the law; a small-minded man cherishes exemptions from it.”

Chapter XII
Confucius said: “Men who act out of self-interest cause great resentment.”

Chapter XIII
Confucius said: “If a ruler is able to govern a state by observing the rites and showing deference, what difficulties will he encounter? If a ruler is unable to govern a state by observing the rites and showing deference, what use are the rites to him?”

Chapter XIV
Confucius said: “Don’t be concerned if you don’t have an official position; be concerned if you don’t deserve such a position. Don’t be concerned if you’re not famous; be concerned if you don’t deserve to be famous.”

Chapter XV
Confucius said: “Shen, my doctrine is all woven into a single thread.” Zengzi replied: “Indeed.” After Confucius had left, the other disciples asked: “What did he mean?” Zengzi said: “The doctrine of the Master is based on loyalty and reciprocity; that and nothing more.”

Chapter XVI
Confucius said: “A leader is concerned about what is right; a small-minded man is concerned about what is in his own interest.”

Chapter XVII
Confucius said: “When you see someone who is worthy, think how you can become their equal. When you see someone who is unworthy, look inside and examine yourself.”

Chapter XVIII
Confucius said: “When serving your parents, you may gently remonstrate with them. If you notice that they do not take your advice, remain respectful and do not contradict them. Don’t let your efforts turn to resentment.”

Chapter XIX
Confucius said: “While your parents are alive, do not travel far. If you do have to travel, you must keep to a fixed itinerary.”

Chapter XX
Confucius said: “If for three years after his death the son does not alter his father’s ways, he is a good son indeed.”

Chapter XXI
Confucius said: “Always keep the age of your parents in mind. Let this knowledge be both a source of joy and dread.”

Chapter XXII
Confucius said: “Men in ancient times were reluctant to speak, fearing disgrace if their actions did not match their words.”

Chapter XXIII
Confucius said: “Restraint seldom leads to losses.”

Chapter XXIV
Confucius said: “A leader should be slow to speak and prompt to act.”

Chapter XXV
Confucius said: “Virtue never stands alone; it always has neighbors.”

Chapter XXVI
Ziyou said: “In the service of a lord officiousness inevitably brings disgrace; in the company of friends, it brings estrangement.”

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