Hacked off?

HBLDragon

牢曰:「子云:『吾不試,故藝。』
Lao stated: “Confucius said: ‘Since I was never tested in high public office I became skilled in the arts.’”

Lao (牢) is usually identified as a disciple of Confucius called Yuan Xian (原憲). Although Confucius is trying to be self-deprecating, he is unable to conceal his bitterness at his failure to be appointed as a senior official.Some commentators believe that this passage an editorial hack that was added to the Analects at a later date. Some include it in Chapter VI of Book 9, while others regard it is a separate chapter.

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